In Vitro Fertilization

IVF (in vitro fertilization) refers to the fertilization of an egg outside of the body. Any resulting embryos can be frozen for future use or transferred into a woman’s uterus in an attempt to achieve a healthy pregnancy.

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Who is this for?

While IVF is often not the first option for infertility treatment, IVF is recommended for those who are experiencing infertility due to:

poor egg and/or sperm quality, unexplained infertility, tubal factor infertility (for example, blocked Fallopian tubes), repetitive failed fertility treatments, such as intrauterine inseminations (IUI), other medical or personal reasons

What to Expect

If you and your Pelex provider determine that IVF is the best option for you:

1. Medication Administration

  • You will administer medications that stimulate multiple eggs to mature in the ovaries and control the timing of ovulation.

2. Monitoring

  • You will be monitored via ultrasound and blood tests to determine how you are responding to the medications and the best time to schedule your egg retrieval.

3. Egg Retrieval

  • Eggs will be removed from the ovaries and examined by an embryologist. If applicable, mature eggs can be frozen shortly after the egg retrieval.

4. Insemination

  • Mature eggs will be inseminated with a sperm sample provided by a partner and/or donor.

5. Embryo Development

  • Any fertilized eggs (embryos) will be given a few days to develop.

6. Treatment Options

  • Embryos that develop properly can be transferred to the uterus, biopsied for preimplantation genetic testing (PGT), and/or frozen for future use.
  • Embryos that are frozen for future use can be transferred during a later menstrual cycle (this is known as a frozen embryo transfer).